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Scotland and England, Spring 1995

Heading up to Scotland from London in the spring of 1995, the weather was overcast but dry on the way up, and fields of mustard (right) were in full bloom waiting for the harvest. mustard fields

Lincoln Cathedral The cathedral in Lincoln (left) is magnificent. It contains the remains of Katherine Swynford, mistress (and eventually wife) of John of Gaunt. The claim of Henry VII to the throne under the Lancastrian banner stems from the children of this union.

Ruins in York
York city wall
York is an old city with a fascinating history dating back to the Romans and before. Many ruins (such as top left) are within the city walls. Much of the old city wall of York (bottom left) is still in place.

The York Minster (right) is the largest Gothic cathedral in Europe and is spectacular at night. There has been a Christian church on the site for more than 1500 years.
York Minster

Jedburgh Abbey All along the border between England and Scotland are the ruins of abbeys and other church properties destroyed in the wars and border skirmishes of the centuries. On the left, in a morning fog, is Jedburgh Abbey; on the right is Dryburgh Abbey. Dryburgh Abbey

Edinburgh Castle Edinburgh Castle [left] is a great piece of stone rising up over the city. Seat of the Scottish Kings (and regular refuge from the English!), there's evidence of settlement on the rocky crag as far back as 1000 B.C. A stone fort was built, the records say, under the reign of Malcom III (1058-1093). The castle was taken by Edward I of England in in 1296, but in 1314 the Earl of Moray took the castle back for Scotland in a daring commando raid with only 30 men. The English took it back in 1335, but in 1341 Sir William Douglas again removed the invaders. He tricked the garrison into thinking his band of men were merchants, they seized the castle and decapitated most of the English garrison. In 1440, the sixth Earl of Douglas -- age 16 -- and his 14-year-old brother were murdered at the castle in front of their 10-year-old king, James II. Lovely folks, all of them...
Wallace window In the oldest section of the castle, which was never severely damaged or destroyed in any of the battles, is St. Margaret's Chapel. It's tiny, but worth the time to see: historical stained glass windows commemorating folks like William Wallace [photo left] can be found. To get around, you walk through long cold stone halls [photo right] where you can almost hear the shouts of invaders and defenders. Castle halls

Bobby One of the sweetest stories you'll find in Edinburgh is that of Greyfriars Bobby. According to the story, in the 1860s, this Skye Terrier and his master, a shepherd named Jock, had lunch every day at the Greyfriars Inn. Bobby followed the funeral cortege into the churchyard but was chased away by the caretaker. But the next day, Bobby showed up as usual at the inn and begged for a bone. It turned out that Bobby was so loyal to his master that he had slept on his master's grave -- and continued to do so (having lunch each day at Greyfriars Inn) for 14 years until his own death.

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